WHY IS IT IMPORTANT?
The demand for cleansing and changes in the law enforcement system became especially acute after the Revolution of Dignity, as a response to the arbitrariness of police officers during peaceful protests in 2013-2014. On July 2, 2015, the Parliament adopted the Law of Ukraine "On the National Police" and the transformation of the old Soviet Militsiya into the police began.
However, after a failed attempt to certify the current officers and create a patrol police, everything stopped. The fact that law enforcement officers received more than 1,000 suspicions a year after the full-scale invasion demonstrates that Avakov's "reform" has completely failed.
A real reform of the National Police is one of the requirements for Ukraine as a candidate for the European Union. Let's not forget that the future process of Ukraine's recovery lies ahead. Embezzlement of funds and abuse by mid-level officials will be in the focus of the police.
On July 14, 2023, Ivan Vyhivskyi became the head of the National Police of Ukraine. However, there was no transparent competition, as demanded by the public, as he was appointed by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
WHEN IS IT MORE IMPORTANT THAN NOW TO START THE REFORM, TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE SHORTCOMINGS THAT HAVE NOT BEEN ELIMINATED IN 2015-2022?
The All-Ukrainian Association "Automaidan" together with the Institute of Legislative Ideas prepared a description of the priority steps necessary to launch the reform of the National Police. They were supported by 3 civil society organizations.
Current regulation: The Head of the National Police is appointed and dismissed by the Government on the proposal of the Prime Minister of Ukraine in accordance with the proposals of the Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, and Deputy Heads are appointed and dismissed by the Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine on submission of the Head of the National Police. Thus, such appointments become political.
2. Introduce the competition for heads of territorial police agencies.
Current regulation: The heads of territorial police agencies are appointed and dismissed by the Head of the National Police in agreement with the Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, which makes them politically dependent on the latter.
3. Implement the Integrity checks.
Current regulation: Currently, the provisions of the law do not provide for an integrity check, which leads to the appointment of individuals, integrity of which are questioned.
4. Improve procedures of disciplinary responsibility.
Current regulation: Internal investigations are carried out by disciplinary commissions, which are not permanent, but are created on a case-by-case basis, and the representatives of civil society can be members of the commissions only at the request of the head. Therefore, the activities of such commissions are not fully effective, independent and impartial.
5. Improve performance assessment.
Current regulation: The current assessment procedure is not clearly defined, objective and transparent, there are no consequences for its results.
The Police Reform Map was developed by civil society organizations:
The All-Ukrainian Association "Automaidan"
The Institute of Legislative Ideas
Civil society organizations that supported the Police Reform Map
PO Anti-Corruption Center
Centre for Economic Strategy